Adicción a internet en adolescentes: una breve revisión

Claudio Rojas-Jara, José Ramos-Vera, Elizabeth Pardo-González, Fabián Henríquez-Caroca

Resumen


Internet se ha transformado en un recurso indispensable en nuestras vidas, puesto que permite acceder a distintos contenidos de recreación y ocio, instrumentales y académicos, comunicacionales y sociales, entre muchos otros. Uno de los grupos etarios que mayormente utilizan dicha herramienta son los adolescentes, por lo que existe la preocupación por el uso problemático que este público pueda darle al recurso. La referencia a las adicciones comportamentales cada vez cobra más sentido en este ámbito y los avances de la ciencia y la información dan cuenta de ello. Sobre la adicción a internet resulta importante determinar los factores influyentes o de riesgo para su aparición en población adolescente, dado que amplía la comprensión del fenómeno como su eventual prevención o abordaje. Esta revisión pretende analizar la evidencia científica actual sobre la adicción a internet en adolescentes e identificar aquellos elementos que le componen como los factores de riesgo relacionados. Los principales resultados de esta revisión dan cuenta de que la adicción a internet en adolescentes es un fenómeno actual, pero con una delimitación compleja y definición poco consensuada, que presenta importantes consecuencias psicológicas, y con presencia de múltiples factores de riesgo asociados, los cuales pueden ser organizados como: individuales, familiares y psicosociales.

Palabras clave


Adicción; Internet; Adolescencia; Prevalencia; Factores de riesgo

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21501/24631779.2876

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